International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management

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Vol. 13 No. 3 (2022)
Review Article

The Importance of Subcontracting and Its Relationship With Lean Philosophy in Automotive Industry

Sara Sá
ISEP – School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (Portugal)
Bio
Luís Pinto Ferreira
ISEP – School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (Portugal)
Bio
Francisco Silva
ISEP – School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (Portugal)
Bio
José Carlos Sá
ISEP – School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (Portugal)
Bio
Maria Teresa
ISEP – School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto (Portugal)
Bio
Gilberto Santos
IPCA - Design School, Polytechnic Institute Cavado Ave, Barcelos, Portugal
Bio

Published 2022-09-30

abstract views: 59 // FULL TEXT ARTICLE (PDF): 0


Keywords

  • Workload control,
  • Subcontracting,
  • Automotive Industry,
  • Lean Methodology

How to Cite

Sá, S., Pinto Ferreira, L., Silva, F., Carlos Sá, J., Teresa, M., & Santos, G. (2022). The Importance of Subcontracting and Its Relationship With Lean Philosophy in Automotive Industry. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 13(3), 186–193. https://doi.org/10.24867/IJIEM-2022-3-311

Abstract

The automotive industry represents one of the largest economic sectors in the world and most companies in this industry involve subcontracting in their strategy. However, subcon- tracting is one of the possible processes that can lead to inefficiencies for companies. Since lean arises as a response to the most varied problems of companies, the main goal of this work is to understand the importance of subcontracting in the automotive sector and to understand how lean and subcontracting are related. For this, an empirical study of papers and books related to these topics was performed, concluding that subcontracting is frequently used in the automotive sector, to obtain strategic advantages, and that it supports the founda- tions of the lean concept, as well as the lean can help manage subcontracting. The trade-off of the transfer of activities enables organizations to be flexible, lean and agile; they can then focus on their core activities, which generate more value, while the option to subcontract gen- erates a significant reduction in costs by transferring non-core activities. In short, these two concepts are related to each other in the context of the automotive industry.

 

Article history: Received (December 16, 2021); Revised (July 8, 2022); Accepted (July 12, 2022); Published online (August 1, 2022) 

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